Plant life on both poles is growing rapidly as the planet warms.
"We can't measure temperature or any other aspect of climate directly in these moss banks, but we can measure things that respond to temperature", said Dr Amesbury, a paleoclimatologist at the University of Exeter.
"Under future warming scenarios, there is likely to be a greening of the Antarctic Peninsula, both in terms of further increases in growth rates and also a likely expansion of the extent of these moss growths", Amesbury said.
Antarctica isn't known for plants - in fact, it is mostly a barren landscape of ice and more ice.
Over 150 years of data from three different sites, the team found three times in the last 50 years when moss growth was up to three times its normal rate.
"Their analysis clearly shows an increase in biological activity over the last fifty years". According to Amesbury, said the consistency of changes in the samples taken from different areas of the Peninsula show that the changes are widespread.
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The changes in the vegetation found on the peninsula are a reaction to warming temperatures over the years. What's more, the scientists warn that greening, together with increases in the number of visitors to Antarctica, could make it easier for invasive species to colonise the continent.
The sensitivity of mosses' rate of growth in response to past temperature increases suggests that terrestrial ecosystems of the Antarctic Peninsula will continue to experience rapid change with future warming. The five samples were taken from three sites collected in 2012 and 2013, they write. "We could see the Antarctic becoming more and more green as has already been observed in the Arctic", he said.
These scientists now plan to analyze foam cores that can be traced back thousands of years.
Do not be fooled, although stunning in its own right, these rolling green hills are what we could come to expect when we reference Antarctica from now on.
The change is because of warming temperatures, the scientists say. But that doesn't disprove the growing understanding of human-caused climate change, said Marc Salzmann, a researcher at the University of Leipzig in Germany.
Researchers said their data indicate that plants and soils will change substantially even with only modest further warming.